On August 24th, the Jilin Provincial Agricultural Committee held a training course on agricultural product quality and safety supervision in Changchun to report on the national and provincial agricultural product quality and safety monitoring in the first half of the year, and how to adhere to the problem orientation of the provincial agricultural system in the second half of the year. Weak areas and key areas continued to make efforts to prevent, manage, and control the quality and safety risks of agricultural products, and conducted discussions and discussions on the supervision work in their respective jurisdictions. The deputy director of the Provincial Agricultural Committee put forward clear requirements on how to strengthen the supervision of agricultural product quality and safety in the future.
Effectively strengthen the implementation of responsibilities and "take up responsibilities"
Food safety, agricultural product quality and safety are related to national economy, people's livelihood, and people's health. General Secretary Xi is concerned, and consumers are concerned. Although the agricultural product quality and safety is subject to "local management", the agricultural and rural departments have the responsibility of supervision and responsibility. Regardless of the government or the department, the "first leader" responsibility system is implemented. The main leaders are responsible for the overall responsibility, and the responsible leaders are responsible for supervision. We must have a clear understanding of this. We must regard the quality and safety of agricultural products as a top priority, and always keep it in mind, put it on the agenda, and hold it in our hands. It is necessary to implement grid-based management and implement supervision responsibilities at all levels so that there are people in the county, people in the township, and people in the village. It is necessary to establish a directory of large-scale production and operation entities such as agricultural product production enterprises, cooperatives, large-scale farmers, and family farms. It is necessary to organize producers to sign quality and safety commitments, establish producer integrity files, promote star rating, red and black list systems, and implement the main responsibility of producers and operators. Only in this way can we truly implement the territorial management responsibility, department supervision responsibility, and the main responsibility of the production and operation operators, and we can truly "respond" the responsibility.
Effectively strengthen institutional setup and "build" the system
Those who have responsibilities must have some officers. A sound supervision, inspection and law enforcement system is a powerful guarantee for the quality and safety of agricultural products. The Provincial Compilation Office issued the "Guiding Opinions on the Construction of County-level Agricultural Product Quality and Safety Supervision System (Trial)", which has played a good role in promoting the construction of the province's three major systems of agricultural product quality and safety supervision, testing, and law enforcement. Everywhere has basically seized this opportunity and built up the machine. At present, over 90% of the cities, prefectures, counties (cities, districts) agricultural and rural departments have set up supervision sections, and most towns have set up agricultural product quality and safety supervision stations.45 Several counties (cities, districts) have established agricultural product quality and safety inspection agencies, and all counties (cities, districts) have set up comprehensive agricultural law enforcement teams. However, in terms of the importance of agricultural product quality and safety, these are far from enough. At present, some local administrative departments have not set up a supervision section, and the supervision work is mainly undertaken by the business station; some places have a supervision section by name, but several departments overlap, and the number of staff is small, so this work is not considered at all; village level The construction of the coordinator team is also a short board, the lack of professional talents in the testing institutions, etc. These problems still exist. At present, the three plans of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs have been announced, and the Agricultural Product Quality and Safety Supervision Bureau has become the Supervision Department, which belongs to the Strengthening Department. It is hoped that all localities will also take advantage of the favorable opportunity of this institutional reform to do more work with leaders and actively strive to truly establish and improve the three major systems of supervision, detection and law enforcement.
Effectively strengthen production guidance to bring high-quality "output"
This year is the year of agricultural quality. Promoting quality agriculture, green agriculture, and brand strong agriculture, and grasping quality and safety control from the source of production is the key to "quality". The agricultural and rural departments in various places, including the commissions, the various industrial divisions, and all public institutions, must tighten the string of quality and safety in their minds. While grasping the guidance and management of the industry, they must grasp the quality and control the industry. The industry must manage safety. It is necessary to take effective measures to strengthen guidance on the production process of agricultural products through various methods, vigorously promote the scientific application of agricultural green development production technologies such as the reduced application of pesticides, fertilizers, biological control, green prevention and control, and unified prevention and control. Industrial demonstration zones, industrial parks and other "five-zone, one-park" and "three-product, one-standard" production bases vigorously promote agricultural standardized production, resolutely put an end to the use of high-toxic and banned pesticides, and source high-quality products from the source.
Effectively strengthen risk monitoring and "find out" issues
Agricultural product quality and safety risk monitoring is an important technical support for our agricultural product quality and safety supervision. In recent years, from top to bottom, risk monitoring such as routine monitoring and special monitoring has been carried out to identify hidden dangers to the quality and safety of agricultural products. It is applicable to the supervision and random inspection of linkage inspection and law enforcement punishment, and is applicable to the rapid test screening of the initial screening of the base. Monitoring and other forms of monitoring have played an important role in our daily supervision. The monitoring results have become an indispensable and important means for the supervision of agricultural product quality and safety. Judging from the current situation, more risk monitoring work has been done at the national and provincial levels, but full coverage cannot be achieved. Some cities and counties carried out quantitative testing and some carried out rapid testing and screening. A lot of work was done, but the number of samples was not large. A large amount of funding is required to carry out agricultural product quality and safety monitoring. Agricultural and rural departments in various regions must increase their efforts, ensure funding support, and give full play to the role of testing agencies at all levels. In particular, township and township supervision stations that can conduct rapid test screening must vigorously carry out quantitative testing and Quick test and screening, increase the frequency of spot checks, and carry out monitoring to identify potential risks in time, and to check the root cause of the problem to see what the problem is. Is it the producer's illegal and illegal use of prohibited pesticides or the illegal addition of pesticides, so that Carry out targeted supervision and enforcement to eliminate possible risks in the bud state.
Effectively strengthen quality supervision and “manage safety”
The supervision of agricultural product quality and safety is a global and systemic task, which requires the cooperation of all aspects of the agricultural and rural departments and joint management. First, we must pay attention to the supervision of agricultural inputs. It is necessary to focus on strengthening the supervision and management of pesticides and fertilizers, especially pesticides. It is necessary to establish a sound pesticide production permit system, registration system, purchase and sales ledger system, highly-toxic pesticide counter management, and real-name purchase system, especially for pesticide For the problem of illegal and hidden additions, we must increase the supervision and random inspection of pesticide products, increase investigation and punishment, and control the quality of pesticide production from the source of production. Second, we must pay attention to the supervision of agricultural product quality. In light of the problems found in daily supervision and risk monitoring, organize supervision and random inspections, start law enforcement procedures, and implement joint inspections. For production and business entities with frequent problems and the use of restricted and highly toxic pesticides, on-site supervision must be strengthened. If necessary, joint law enforcement with public security and market supervision departments must be carried out in strict accordance with the Food Safety Law, the Agricultural Product Quality and Safety Law, and The "Criminal Law" amendment (eight) and "Judicial Interpretation of the" Two Highs "" and other relevant provisions will be punished. We must make up our minds to catch a few typical cases, punish a few people, create a situation of high pressure, and have a deterrent effect. It is particularly emphasized that attention must be paid to strengthening public opinion control, maintaining a keen awareness at all times, discovering emerging issues, immediately following up, responding in time, eliminating hidden dangers, and keeping the bottom line of no major agricultural product quality and safety incidents.
Earnestly strengthen the creation of typical examples, and "model" the model
Since 2014, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the Provincial Agriculture Commission have organized the creation of national and provincial agricultural product quality and safety counties, respectively. Three national-level and 11 provincial-level counties have been named, and the second batch of 6 national-level and 3 provincial-level counties are being created. Practice has proved that the establishment of a safe county is an effective starting point for the supervision of agricultural product quality and safety. At present, the agricultural product quality and safety counties that have been named and are being created in our province have made different degrees of progress in the supervision of agricultural product quality and safety, and some have even undergone fundamental changes and made substantial progress. Dunhua, Dongfeng and others have already taken a step in this respect and played an exemplary role for the province. It is hoped that the agricultural and rural departments in various places will learn from these models, draw on their good experiences and practices, highlight typical guidance and demonstration, and promote the healthy and orderly development of supervision work in accordance with the standards and requirements for the establishment of agricultural product quality and safety counties.
Xia Xia emphasized that the current situation facing the agricultural and rural sectors, the position they are in, the responsibilities they undertake, and the work they do require us to firmly establish political consciousness, overall situation consciousness, core consciousness, and awareness of alignment. Be on the right track, earnestly learn the lessons of the Changsheng Pharmaceutical Incident, reflect deeply, and sound the alarm, and further enhance the sense of responsibility and mission to do a good job in the quality and safety of agricultural products. , Work hard, and raise the province's agricultural product quality and safety supervision to a new level.
Provincial leaders of 9 cities (prefectures), Changbai Mountain Management Committee, and Gongzhuling City, Meihekou City, and Hunchun City's agricultural administrative departments attended the training course.